Capita Property and Infrastructure is sponsoring a series of keynote lectures with UCL’s (University College London) Bartlett School of Planning - a world centre for learning and research about the form, planning, design and management of cities.
The second lecture is by Prof. John D Landis from the Department of City and Regional Planning at the University of Pennsylvania. His lecture – entitled ‘Tracking and Explaining Neighbourhood Change in U.S. Metro Areas, 1990 to 2010’ – will take place at 6pm on Thursday 26th November.
John D. Landis is Crossways Professor of City & Regional Planning and Head of the School of Design, University of Pennsylvania. Prof. Landis developed the California Urban Futures series of urban growth models. He is currently engaged in a National Science Foundation-funded project to model, forecast, and develop alternative spatial scenarios of U.S. population and employment patterns and their impacts on travel demand, habitat loss, and water use through 2050. Prior to arriving at Penn in 2007, Prof. Landis was on the planning faculties of the University of California, Berkeley (1987–2007), Georgia Tech (1985–1986), and the University of Rhode Island (1983–1984). Prof. Landis serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of the American Planning Association and Housing Policy Debate. He is a member of the Urban Land Institute and the American Planning Association.
U.S. cities are back. After half a century of relentless population decline and several false starts at revitalization, the supply of new homes in America’s 50 largest central cities grew by 1.5 million dwelling units, or 8.3% percent between 2000 and 2010. Not everyone greeted these changes favourably. Newspaper articles appeared in city after city citing the rising incidence of gentrification. Meanwhile, homebuilders were hard at work building millions of new suburban “McMansions”, typically larger than 3,000 square feet and included garage space for three or more cars. Behind the newspaper headlines and websites protesting gentrification and McMansion development, large numbers of urban and suburban residents continued living in neighbourhoods where public and private investment had failed to keep pace with the ravages of time, depopulation, or economic decline.
With a few exceptions, planners’ understanding of neighbourhood change has occurred in the absence of a comprehensive analysis that includes cities and suburbs and neighbourhood upgrading and neighbourhood decline. This presentation takes up the challenge of trying to identify the extent and spatial incidence of gentrification and other forms of substantial neighbourhood socio-economic change among large U.S. metropolitan areas between 1990 and 2010. As such, it seeks to answer four related questions about neighbourhood change processes and outcomes:
1. How easily can available data be used to robustly and comprehensively measure gentrification and other types of neighbourhood socio-economic change across all U.S. metropolitan areas?
2. To what degree are neighbourhood-level socio-economic changes principally the result of metropolitan-scale factors such as regional population growth and/or decline?
3. Conversely, to what degree are neighbourhood-level socio-economic changes shaped by the characteristics of individuals and groups operating at the neighbourhood level?
4. To what extent are gentrification and other forms of neighbourhood change always accompanied by turnover and displacement?
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